Its often required to create a logical directory in database for extracting the data dumps to physical filesystem directory

First thing to do is to check if the directory exists on filesystem and has proper permissions like read,write,execute and ownership of oracle user and oinstall or dba group

SQL> !ls -lrt /home/oracle
total 541840
drwxrwxr-x. 4 oracle oinstall        74 Dec 13  2020 oraInventory
-rwxrwxrwx  1 oracle oinstall       187 Dec 13  2020
-rw-r--r--  1 oracle oinstall      2899 Dec 13  2020 rmandup.log
-rw-r--r--  1 oracle oinstall       321 Dec 17  2020 5m.log

Check if the directory exist logically on the database

SQL> select * from dba_directories;

Create logical directory like this

SQL> create directory exp as '/home/oracle';

Directory created.

Atlast verify the same

SQL> select directory_name,directory_path from dba_directories where directory_name='EXP';


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